For my report I have chosen something I have always been interested in, The art of Concert Posters.
I will be researching not only concert posters but graphic design in music, Album cover art, Album promotion, Gig posters and also will be browsing and reporting on artists such as – Frank Kozik, Jim Phillips, Justin Hampton, Jermaine Rogers, Rex Ray, Chris Shaw and Craig Howell just to name a few.
There are so many different styles in this area of Graphic Design more old then new as this art is being taken over by modern technology and is becoming more difficult to communicate in this way, but it is a beautiful art form and many posters are very high-priced collectors items.
NIKE RE-USE A SHOE
Since 1990 Nike has collected 25,056 779 shoes and they have recycled these shoes into more than 300 surface donations using “Nike Grind” including 5 basketball ball courts constructed in New Orleans to help “rebuild New Orleans two feet at a time”.
Other donations internationally include a outdoor basketball court at Ayers Rock and in 2005 the perimeter track around the field at the world-famous Manchester United Football Club is refurbished using Nike Grind surfacing.
In 2004 Nike and the re-use a shoe program introduce, Air to Earth, A school curriculum designed to teach students important concepts about our environment.
2008 – Nike places re-use a shoe bins in all of its U.S retail stores – Over 150 locations –
“Reuse-A-Shoe and Nike Grind work with Nike’s Considered Design philosophy – a companywide ethos built around designing the best products for the best athletes while using the most sustainable methods possible.It all comes back to our vision of a closed-loop business – where waste at different stages of our operations, from our contract factories to transportation and eventually our products at the end of their life, can be recycled – as much of it as possible back into new Nike product.Today, your worn-out athletic shoes can already live on in something new: a track, a basketball court, a playground. But tomorrow, our goal is that sports shoes, apparel and equipment will also be recycled into new Nike products. This way the materials we use will go through many cycles of design, manufacture and use. Just like bottles, cans and paper do now.Call it another example of Nike innovation. Call it the road to sustainability. Or just call it the right thing to do. No matter what you call it, it’s no small task – and it takes a companywide dedication to changing the way we work. ” – nikereuseashoe.com
This style period has it roots back in 1918, and continues to the present.
In 1918 the designer/teacher Ernst Keller from the Zurich school of Arts and Crafts experimented and created a design system.
This system was characterized by a rigid, grid format, structured layout and unjustified type.
In the 1940’s the design schools in Zurich and Basel Switzerland (which at the time became the centre of growth for design), played with the ideas of Keller’s and placed high importance on objective photography and sans serif type. Although this “system” stressed order and precision, lending itself to discourage individuality, artists such as, Hofmann, Brockmann and Bill have proved this wrong.
The style has been emulated by many designers, and the use of grids in design has influenced the development of web design on many levels.
It evolved in the 1950’s and is admired for its clean, factual and highly structured approach to organizing and presenting information.
The Swiss Style was embraced world wide by the 1970’s, becoming widely used in American corporate design in order to impart “Communicative Clarity”.
“Although many design movements have political or philosophical beginnings or intentions, art deco was purely decorative.”
Art Deco covers ‘modern’ approaches to architecture, fashion, art, graphics and film.
Beginning in Paris in the 1920’s it flourished internationally throughout the 1930’s into the world war II era.
It has influenced all areas of design, the new aesthetics were also found in industrial, furniture, transport, communications and in household items.
The style which was universal, represents a move away from traditional values and was characterized by clean, geometric and elegant lines that replaced the excessive decoration of previous styles.
Art Deco’s linear symmetry was a distinct departure from the flowing asymmetrical organic curves of it predecessor style Art Noveau. It embraced influences from many different styles of the early 20th century, including Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism and futurism and also drew inspiration from ancient egyptian and aztec forms.
It remains popular around the world ad is increasingly appreciated by new generations who and enchanted by its simplicity, style, design, superior materials and finishes.
Art nouveau has made itself known and present from the 1880’s till 1915’s.
This movement walked under the flag of an art that would break all connections to classical times, and bring down the barriers between fine arts and applied arts.
Art nouveau was more than just a mere style, it was a very way of thinking about modern society and new production methods.
It was an attempt to redefine the meaning and nature of the work of art.
Art Nouveau emphasized handcrafting as opposed to machine manufacturing, the use of new materials. Although curving lines characterize Art Nouveau, right-angled forms are also typical, especially as the style was practiced in Scotland and in Austria. Typical for this style was artistic application of modern industrial techniques and modern materials (unmasked iron in architecture for example). Principal subjects are lavish birds and flowers, insects and polyformic femme fatale. Abstract lines and shapes are used widely as a filling for recognizable subject matter.