De Stijl – DebbiePosted: May 22, 2011
The De Stijl, literally translated as “the style” was an art movement founded by architect and painter Theo van Deosburg in 1917 in Leiden. Other founders included the sculptor Vantongerloo, architect JJP Oud, designer Rietveld, and the painter, Piet Mondrian (Netherlandish, 1872-1944) was the group’s leading figure.
An art movement advocating pure abstraction and simplicity– form reduced to the rectangle and other geometric shapes, and colour to the primary colours, along with black and white.The group was intent on finding a new aesthetic of art and principles. The movement spread through town planning, fine arts, applied arts and philosophy. The De Stijl movement also published a magazine between 1917 and 1932 and provided and overview of the movement’s works and theories.
Artists of the De Stijl movement saw art as a collective approach, and as a language that went beyond culture, geography and politics. The artwork created by the De Stijl movement artists gave off a depersonalized, anonymous feel. It was felt that the artist’s personality should take a back seat in the artwork. The key to creating art within the movement’s views was to follow the theory of scaling down formal components of art – using only primary colors and straight lines. De Stijl forms were often geometric, and made up of primary colors. The main views of the De Stijl movement greatly influenced the Bauhaus movement in Germany in the 1920’s.