From Futurism to Art Deco (Luca De Michele)Posted: May 12, 2011
Futurism was an artistic and social movement that was originated in Italy in the early 20th century. The Futurists explored every form of expression, from painting to sculpture, literature (poetry and drama), music, architecture, dance, photography, cinema and even gastronomy.
The movement was at its strongest from 1909, when Filippo Marinetti’s first manifesto of Futurism appeared, until the end of World War One.
Main themes were: love of the hazard, energy, the cult of courage and boldness, admiration for the speed, the fight against the past, the exaltation of the aggressive movement, war. Italian futurist that I appreciated is Forunato Depero born 25 km near my hometown, Trento.
Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in Zurich in neutral Switzerland in the First World War, and developed between 1916 and 1920. Dada artists were deliberately disrespectful, extravagant, they had disgust against the customs of the past, sought the freedom of creativity for which all the materials used and the forms available.
Constructivism is a cultural movement that began in Russia in 1913, just before the revolution of 1917, which rejected the cult of ‘art for art “for art as a practice directed towards social goals. Vladimir Tatlin, painter and architect was an exponent of this movement.
Expressionism brought a revolution in language that contrasted with the objectivity of Impressionism with the subjectivity of Expressionism. The term expression is used to define the propensity of an artist to focus on, exasperated, the emotional side of reality than that perceived objectively.
Art Deco an eclectic artistic and design style that began in Paris in the 1920’s. The style influenced all areas of design, including architecture and interior design, industrial design, fashion and jewelry, as well as the visual art such as painting, graphic art and film. It embraced influences from many different styles including Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism and Futurism.