Art Deco – DebbiePosted: May 12, 2011
Art Deco was introduced in the 1920’s and reigned through the 1930’s, encompassing both the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression. It is an elegant style of decorative art and architecture reflective of Art Nouveau, yet with more modern sophistication. Art Deco features sleek straight lines and an element of boldness.The movement affected city styles, architecture, high fashion, jewelry, commercial printmaking, and interior design, and embraced lifestyles of hedonism, indulgence and mass consumption. . Notable Art Deco buildings include the Empire State Building designed by William Van Alen, Rockefeller Center, Radio City Music Hall, The Chrysler Building, and the Midland Grand Hotel.
An art movement involving a mix of modern decorative art styles, whose main characteristics were derived from various avant-garde painting styles of the early twentieth century from ancient Egyptian and Aztec forms. Art deco works exhibit aspects of Cubism, Russian Constructivism and Italian Futurism– with abstraction, distortion, and simplification, particularly geometric shapes and highly intense colors–celebrating the rise of commerce, technology, and speed.
The growing impact of the machine can be seen in repeating and overlapping images from 1925; and in the 1930s, in streamlined forms derived from the principles of aerodynamics.
The name came from the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes, held in Paris, which celebrated living in the modern world.
Although many design movements have political or philosophical beginnings or intentions, Art Deco was purely decorative.
Well-known artists within the Art Deco movement included Tamara de Lempicka, fashion illustrator Erte, glass artist Rene Lalique and graphic designer Adolphe Mouron (known professionally Cassandre).