Arts & Craft Movement ~ WillPosted: May 9, 2011
The Arts & Craft Movement originated in England, thriving between 1880 and 1910. It was initiated by William Morris (1834 – 1896), a designer and socialist, in the 1860’s, and inspired by the writings of John Ruskin (1819 – 1900), an art critic whose social criticism sought to relate the moral and social health of a nation to the qualities of its architecture and design
The Arts & Craft Movement was a reaction to the Industrial movement and the styles and quality of products being produced by machines. It started out as a search for authentic design and followed the idea of ‘truth to material’ advocating the use of traditional craftsmanship using simple forms and often medieval, romantic or folk styles of decoration. In 1861 Morris founded Morris, Marshal, Faulkner & Co., which designed and made decorative objects for the home including wallpaper, textiles, furniture and stained glass with focus on method of production. In 1890 Morris set up Kelmscott Press for which he designed a typeface based on Nicolas Jenson’s letterforms of the 15th Century.
Charles Voysey (1957 – 1941) was an English architect and furniture and textile designer, influential in the Arts & Craft Movement with a style that combined simplicity with sophistication.
The Arts & Craft Movement’s qualities of simplicity and honest use of materials has inspired modern designers like Henry van de Velde and movements such as Art Nouveua. The Arts &Craft Movement is regarded as a prelude to modernism, which made the use of simple forms without ornamentation.