Art and Craft / Art Nouveau MovimentsPosted: May 5, 2011
Arts and Craft Movement was an Anglo-Saxons art movement for the reform of the applied arts, a kind of reaction of educated artists and intellectuals galloping industrialization in the late nineteenth century.
William Morris (1834 – 1886) stands out as the spokesman for the movement of the Arts and Crafts. The work that Morris suggests is in the footsteps of the ancient medieval guilds.
Style of that is the production of carpets, fabrics, furniture, metals, began as anti-industrial, however, lays the foundation of the principles of modern design. Despite this, it is doomed to failure for its high costs and the inability to distribute its products to various social levels.
“The work of all four was put together, designed and judged by the only quality of course common to all: the new; it originated as art nouveau” (Henry van de Velde).
The Art Nouveau style was shaped like a wide-ranging style, embracing the most varied fields – architecture, interior design, jewelry, furniture design and fabrics, tools and ornaments, lighting, funerary art, etc.
The movement has its roots in Anglo-Saxon ideology of Arts and Crafts. An important point for the diffusion of this art was the Universal Exposition in 1900 in Paris, where the new style triumphed in every field.
Important names are Ernesto Basile, Victor Horta (for architecture), Carlo Bugatti (for interior design) and Galileo Chini (for decorative arts).
Carlo Bugatti “Bench”
Basile “Plazzo Montecitorio”
“Lanterne” Galileo Chini
Luca De Michele