Mike SvobodaPosted: May 4, 2011
Arts And Craft Movement
An international evolution of design derived from England Between 1880-1910. Instigated by the artist and writer William Morris. Art Nouveau (French for New Art) Expands a new style in visual arts and architecture developed in Europe and North America. Art Nouveau in many ways is a response to the Industrial Revolution and was a concerted attempt to create an international style based on decoration. Classicism And Neoclassicism In the arts, historical tradition or aesthetic attitudes based on the art of Greece and Rome in Antiquity. Historicism Is a mode of thinking that assigns a central and basic significance to a specific context, such as historical period, geographical place and local culture. Example new type faces developed in the classical period, alphabets became finer and more clearly defined. Letters were no longer drawn free hand, but constructed with ruler, compasses and grids Functionalism In art and architecture, an aesthetic doctrine developed in the early 20th century out of Louis Henry Sullivan’s aphorism that form ever follows function. Functionalist architects and artists design utilitarian structures in which the interior program dictates the outward form, without regard to such traditional devices as axial symmetry and classical proportions. After World War I, the German Bauhaus produced a number of influential architects and designers, notably Walter Gropius and Ludwig Miles Van Der Rohe, who worked within this aesthetic. Functionalism was subsequently absorbed into the International style as one of its guiding principles. William Morris (March 24, 1834 – October 3, 1896) was one of the principal founders of the British Arts and Crafts Movement and is best known as a designer of wallpaper and patterned fabrics, a writer of poetry and fiction, and an early founder of the socialist movement in Britain.
Victor Horta stair case (Art Nouveau)